Being a museum of 19th-century painting and sculpture, the Old National Gallery collection mainly features world-famous German art. The works range from the Neo-Classicism of Goethe’s time to Romanticism, Biedermeier, and Impressionism. Thanks to its director Hugo von Tschudi, works of Impressionism found their way into a museum even before 1900.
The National Gallery collection has always included modern art. The collection, which has increased greatly over time, is now divided among several museums in Berlin. Today’s Alte Nationalgalerie features the paintings and sculptures created in the century of its foundation. Painting and sculpture are presented jointly as equal-ranking media of artistic expression.